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Satay or sate is a dish consisting of chunks or slices of dice-sized meat (chicken, goat, mutton, beef, pork, fish, etc.) on bamboo skewers (although the more authentic version uses skewers from the midrib of the coconut leaf). These are grilled or barbecued over a wood or charcoal fire, then served with various spicy seasonings (depends on satay recipe variants).

Satay may have originated in Java, Indonesia, but it is also popular in many other Southeast Asian countries, such as: Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand, as well as in The Netherlands which was influenced through its former colonies.

Satay is a very popular delicacy in Indonesia

and Malaysia, with a rich variety among Indonesia’s diverse ethnic groups’ culinary art. In Indonesia, satay can be obtained from a traveling satay vendor, from a street-side tent-restaurant, in an upper-class restaurant, or during traditional celebration feasts. In Malaysia, satay is a popular dish - especially during celebrations - and can be found throughout the country. A close analog in Japan is yakitori. Shish kebab from Turkey, Chuanr from China and sosaties from South Africa are also similar to satay.

Although recipes and ingredients vary from country to country, satay generally consists of chunks or slices of meat on bamboo or coconut-leaf-spine skewers, grilled over a wood or charcoal fire. Turmeric is often used to marinate satay and gives it a characteristic yellow color. Meats used include: beef, mutton, pork, venison, fish, shrimp, squid, chicken, and even tripe. Some have also used more exotic meats, such as turtle, crocodile, and snake meat.

It may be served with a spicy peanut sauce dip, or peanut gravy, slivers of onions and cucumbers, and ketupat.

Pork satay can be served in a pineapple-based satay sauce or cucumber relish. An Indonesian version uses a soy-based dip.

The Philippines has two versions of Satay, the first is marinated then brushed on with a thick sweet sauce consisting of soy sauce and banana ketchup (which gives its red colour) then grilled, due to American influence, this version is simply called Barbecue/Barbikyu. The second, Satti is native to the peoples of Mindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi, and is much more similar to tradition

al Satay, except that it is served with a thick peanut infused soup as well. This dish is well renowned by locals in the main southern Philippine cities of Zamboanga and Davao.

Satay is not the same as the Vietnamese condiment, “Sate”, which typically includes ground chili, onion, tomato, shrimp, oil, and nuts. Vietnamese sate is commonly served alongside noodle and noodle-soup dishes.

Known as sate in Indonesian (and pronounced similar to the English), Indonesia is the home of satay, and satay is a widely renowned dish in almost all regions of Indonesia. As a result, many variations have been developed throughout the Indonesian Archipelago.

Sate Madura

Originating on the island of Madura, near Java, is certainly the most famous variant among Indonesians. Most often made from mutton or chicken, the distinctive characteristic of the recipe is the black sauce made from indonesian sweet soy sauce/kecap manis mixed with palm sugar (called gula jawa or "javanese sugar" in Indonesia), garlic,deep fried shallots, peanut paste, fermented "terasi" (a kind of shrimp paste),candlenut/kemiri, and salt. Sate Madura uses thinner chunks of meat than other varians of Satay. It is mainly eaten with rice or rice cake wrapped in banana/coconut leaves (lontong/ketupat). Raw thinly sliced shallot and plain sambal also often served as condiments

Sate Padang

A dish from Padang city and the surrounding area in West Sumatra, is made from cow or goat offal boiled in spicy broth, which is then grilled. Its main characteristic is yellow sauce made from rice flour mixed with spicy offal broth, turmeric, ginger, garlic, coriander, galangal root, cumin, curry powder and salt. It is further separated into two sub-variants, the Pariaman and the Padang Panjang, which differ according to taste and the composition of their yellow sauces.

Sate Ponorogo

A variant of satay originating in Ponorogo, a town in East Java. It is made from whole sliced marinated chicken meat, and served with a sauce made of peanuts and chilli sauce. Garnished with shredded shallots, sambal (chili paste) and lime juice. The uniqueness of this varient is each skewer contains a whole chicken meat, not several slices. The meat also previously being marinated in spices and sweet soy sauce for quite some times (process called "bacem") to allow spice to soak into the meat. The grill is made from terracotta earthenware that have hole in one side to allow blowing the wind onto the burning coal. After use around 3 months, the earthenware grill would break apart, thus must be replaced to ensure the hygiene of the grill. The dish served with rice or lontong (rice cake).

Sate Tegal

A sate of goat meat. The goat is usually a yearling or even a 5-month-old kid which spawn an acronym common in Tegal—balibul (acronym of “just 5 months”). The skewer has four chunks — two pieces of meat on the top then one piece of fat and then another piece of meat. It is grilled over a long metal griller fired with wood charcoal. The grill is between medium and well done; however it is possible to ask for medium rare. Sometimes the fat piece can be replaced with liver or heart or kidney. The unit sold is a kodi, twenty skewers. Half a kodi is only for children. Adults may consume more than 1½ kodies. Prior to grilling, there is no marinade as some people believe to be necessary. On serving, it is accompanied by touch dipped in sweet soya sauce (medium sweetness, slightly thinned with boiled water), sliced fresh chilli, sliced raw shallots (eschalot), quartered green tomatoes, and steamed rice, and is sometimes garnished with fried shallots.

Sate Ambal

A satay variant from Ambal village, Kebumen, Central Java. This satay uses ayam kampung (native species of chicken) meat. Another unique feature is this satay doesn’t use peanut sauce, but uses ground tempeh, chilli and spices as its satay sauce. The chicken meat is marinated for about two hours to make the meat tastier. This satay is accompanied with ketupat.

Sate Blora

A variant originating from the town of Blora, located in Central Java. This variant is made of chicken (meat and skin) pieces that are smaller compared to the other variants. It is normally eaten with peanut sauce, rice, and a traditional soup made of coconut milk and herbs. Unlike other variants, sate Blora is normally grilled in front of buyers as they are eating. The buyers tell the vendor to stop grilling when they are finished with their meal.

Sate Lilit

A satay variant from Bali, a famous tourist destination. Unlike most varieties of satay, it is made from minced beef, chicken, fish, pork, or even turtle meat, which is then mixed with grated coconut, thick coconut milk, lemon juice, shallots, and pepper. Wound around bamboo, sugar cane or lemon grass sticks, it is then grilled on charcoal.

Sate Makassar

From a region in Southern Sulawesi, is made from beef and cow offal marinated in sour carambola sauce. It has a unique sour and spicy taste. Unlike most satays, it is served without sauce.

Sate Maranggi (Satay Maranggi)

Commonly found in Purwakarta, Cianjur and Bandung, two cities in West Java, is made from beef marinated in a special paste. The two most important elements of the paste are kecombrang (Nicolaia speciosa) flower buds and ketan (sweet rice) flour. Nicola buds bring a unique aroma and a liquorice-like taste. It is served with ketan cake (juadah).

Sate Susu (Milky Satay)

A tasty dish commonly found in Java and Bali, is grilled spicy beef brisket with a distinctive milky taste, served with hot chilli sauce.

Sate Kulit (Skin Satay)

Found in Sumatra, is a crisp satay made from marinated chicken skin.

Sate Kuda (Horse meat Satay)

Locally known as “Sate Jaran”, is satay made from horse meat, a delicacy from Yogyakarta. It is served with sliced fresh shallots (small red onion), pepper, and sweet soy sauce.

Sate Bulus (Turtle Satay)

Another rare delicacy from Yogyakarta. It is satay made from freshwater “Bulus” (softshell turtle). It is served with sliced fresh shallots (small red onion), pepper, and sweet soy sauce. Beside satay, Bulus meat is also served in soup or Tongseng (Javanese style spicy-sweet soup).

Sate Babi (Pork Satay)

A popular delicacy among the Indonesian Chinese community, most of whom do not share the Muslim prohibition on eating pork. It can be found in Chinatowns in Indonesian cities, especially around Glodok, Pecenongan, and Senen in the Jakarta area.

Sate Bandeng (Milkfish Satay)

A unique delicacy from Banten. It is satay made from boneless “Bandeng” (milkfish). The seasoned spicy milkfish meat is separated from the small bones, then placed back into the milkfish skin, clipped by a bamboo stick, and grilled in charcoal fire just like other satay variants.

Sate Torpedo (Testicles Satay)

Satay made from goat testicles (Sweetmeat) marinated in soy sauce and grilled. It is eaten with peanut sauce, pickles, and hot white rice.

Sate Telor Muda (Young egg Satay)

Satay made from immature chicken egg (uritan) obtained from the hen’s reproductive system upon slaughter. The immature eggs are boiled and put into skewers to be grilled as satay.

Sate Pusut

A delicacy from Lombok, the neighboring island east of Bali. It is made from a mixture of minced meat (beef, chicken, or fish), shredded coconut meat, and spices. The mixture then being wrapped around a skewer and grilled over charcoal.

Sate Ampet

Another Lombok delicacy. It is made from beef, cow’s intestines and other cow’s internal organs. The sauce for sate ampet is hot and spicy, which is no surprise since the original island’s name Lombok Merah means Red chili. The sauce has the mixture of santan (coconut milk) and spices in it.

Sate Belut (Eel Satay)

Another Lombok rare delicacy. It is made from belut, a native small eel commonly found in watery rice paddies in Indonesia. A seasoned eel is skewered and wrapped around each skewer, then grilled over charcoal fire. So each skewer contains an individual small eel.

Sate Buntel (Wrapped Satay)

A specialty from Solo or Surakarta region, Central Java. It’s made from beef or goat’s minced fatty meats (especially meats around ribs and belly area). The minced fatty meats then being wrapped by thin fat or muscle membrane and wrapped around a bamboo skewer. The size of this satay is quite large, very similar to middle eastern kebab. After being grilled on charcoal, the meat is separated from the skewer, cut to bite-size chunks, then served in sweet soy sauce and merica (pepper).

Sate Burung Ayam-ayaman (Bird Satay)

The satay made from gizzard, liver, and intestines of “Burung Ayam-ayaman” (a migrating sea bird). After being seasoned with mild spices and stuck on a skewer, this bird’s internal organs aren’t grilled, but are deep fried in cooking oil instead.

Sate Ati (Liver Satay)

The satay made from combinations of chicken liver, gizzard, and intestines. After seasoning, the internal organs are not fried or grilled, but are boiled instead. Usually it’s not treated as a main dish, but often as side dish to accompany Bubur Ayam (chicken rice porridge).

Sate Banjar

A variant of satay popular in South Kalimantan, especially in the town of Banjarmasin.

2 komentar:

UNGASG on August 24, 2009 at 11:16 AM said...

Sate BABI / PORK :

Not only consumed by the Indonesian Chinese community but also eaten by Balinese Community, Batak, Javanese, Papuan etc etc etc

Anonymous said...

Nikmat dan lezat sate ini.